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ISSN : 1229-3857(Print)
ISSN : 2288-131X(Online)
Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology Vol.34 No.6 pp.551-557
DOI : https://doi.org/10.13047/KJEE.2020.34.6.551

Ecological Characteristics of Tachanovsky,s Gudgeon, Ladislabia taczanowskii in Songcheon Stream, Korea

Abstract

This study surveyed the ecological characteristics of Ladislabia taczanowskii at Songcheon Stream from March to November 2019. The species inhabited upstream, where the riverbed structure was mostly covered with boulders and cobbles. The water depth was 31-148 ㎝, and the stream velocity was fast at 0.94±0.23 (0.51-1.39) m/sec. The gender ratio of females to males was 1 : 0.89. The age according to the total length frequency distribution indicated that the group with 38-70 mm below in total length was one year old, the group with 70-100 mm was two years old, the group with 100-120 mm was three years old, and the group over 120-128 mm was over four years old. The total length of sexually mature fishes was 70 mm for females and 75 mm or more for males. The spawning season was from May to August, and the water temperature was 15.5-20.1℃ during the period. The prosperous spawning season was from June to July, and the water temperature was 15.8-17.2℃ during the period. The spawning ground was where the riffle began in the pool, and its bottom was formed of sand and gravel. The width was about 150 ㎝, and the water depth was 20 to 50 ㎝. The average number of eggs in the ovaries was 821 (401-1,314) per matured female, and the matured eggs were yellowish and spherical with a mean diameter of 1.62±0.02 (1.43-2.01) mm. The live foods of L. taczanowskii Cyanophyta, Chlorophyta, Bacillariophyta, Ephemeroptera, and Diptera. The feeding habit of L. taczanowskii is omnivorous, but more than 90% of the stomach content was attached algae.

송천에 서식하는 새미(Ladislabia taczanowskii)의 생태 특성

초록

새미(Ladislabia taczanowskii)의 생태적 특징을 연구하기 위해 2019년 3월부터 11월까지 송천에서 조사를 실시하였다. 본 종은 하천 상류역에 분포하며 하상구조는 큰돌(boulder)과 작은돌(cobble)이 풍부였으며, 수심은 31~148 ㎝이었고, 유속은 0.94±0.23 (0.51~1.39) m/sec로 빨랐다. 암수 성비는 1 : 0.89 이었다. 전장빈도분포도에 따른 연령은 전장 38~70 mm 미만은 만1년생, 70~100 mm은 만 2년생, 100~120 mm은 만 3년생, 120~128 mm은 만 4년생 이상으로 추정되었다. 생식가능 전장의 크기는 암컷이 70 mm, 수컷은 75 mm 이상이었다. 산란시기는 5월에서 8월까지 이었으며(수온은 15.5~20. 1℃), 산란 성기는 6∼7월로 추정되었다(수온은 15.8~17.2℃). 산란장은 소에서 여울이 시작되는 부분으로 모래와 자갈로 형성된 하천 바닥이었으며 폭은 약 70 ㎝, 길이는 약 150 ㎝, 수심은 20~50 ㎝이었다. 포란수는 평균 821 (401~1,314)개 이었고 성숙란은 짙은 노란색 구형으로 직경이 1.62±0.02(1.43~2.01) mm 이었다. 먹이생물은 부착조류에 속하는 남조류 (Cyanophyta), 녹조류(Chlorophyta), 규조류(Bacillariophyta), 수서곤충에 속하는 하루살이목(Ephemeroptera)과 파리목 (Diptera) 등 이었다. 식성은 잡식성 이었으나 섭취된 먹이의 90% 이상은 부착조류로 식물성이었다.

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